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žuriti

žuriti Grammatical information: v. Proto-Slavic meaning: 'rage'

Russian:

žurít' (coll.) 'reprove, scold' [verb], žurjú [1sg], žurít [3sg];

žurít'sja (dial.) 'grieve, quarrel' [verb], žurjús' [1sg], žurítsja [3sg]

Czech:

zuřiti 'rage, be furious' [verb]

Slovak:

zúrit' 'rage, be furious' [verb]

Polish:

żurzyć się (obs.) 'be angry, rage' [verb]

Lower Sorbian:

zuriś 'make sour, embitter' [verb]

Serbo-Croatian:

zúriti se 'hurry, (dial.) complain' [verb], žȗrīm se [1sg]

Slovene:

žúriti se 'hurry' [verb], žúrim se [1sg]

Indo-European reconstruction: gʰeuro-

Comments: According to Young (2002), the West Slavic forms continue a denominative verb based on an unattested adjective corresponding to Lith. žiaurùs 'cruel, savage', which he assumes to have the same root as Lith. žvėrìs 'wild animal' (*ǵʰeuh₁r-?). Like Vasmer and others, he connects the East and South Slavic forms with Skt. ghorá- 'terrible, terrifying' [adj] and Go. gaurs 'sad' [adj]. Since the meaning of the West Slavic forms may have been influenced by German sauer 'sour, angry' (perhaps through association with West Slavic *žurъ 'sour mass used for soup or bread', which is regarded as a borrowing), I wonder if it is necessary to assume a different origin for the West Slavic forms on the one hand and the East and South Slavic forms on the other.

Other cognates:

Skt. ghorá- (RV+) 'terrible, terrifying' [adj];

Go. gaurs 'sad' [adj]

Notes:

With dissimilation of *žuř- to zuř- in Czech (Machek 1971: s.v.). The Slovak form may be a borrowing from Czech.


Permalink:
https://ordbog.oesteuropastudier.dk/index.php/term/[sla-eng]+Derksen+-+Slavic+Inherited+Lexicon,žuriti.xhtml

Som kildehenvisning:
"žuriti" i Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Rick Derksen, Leiden and Boston 2008. Ordbogserver om slavisk sproghistorie på Portalen for Østeuropastudier. Hentet d. 19.2.2019 fra https://ordbog.oesteuropastudier.dk/index.php/term/[sla-eng]+Derksen+-+Slavic+Inherited+Lexicon,žuriti.xhtml

Kilde:

The database of the Slavic inherited lexicon has been compiled by Rick Derksen. The aim of the Slavic part of the project is to incorporate the Slavic data from Pokorny's dictionary as well as to provide it with a supplement. The main source for the Slavic database is the "Ėtimologičeskij slovar' slavjanskix jazykov" (1974-), which is edited by O.N. Trubačëv.

The abundance of the Slavic material in Trubačëv's dictionary compels us to make a selection when illustrating a Proto-Slavic lemma with attested Slavic forms. The criteria for selecting forms are difficult to define. A form may offer crucial information about its proto-form or have an interesting meaning, but to a certain extent it is arbitrary which forms are presented. Here I must add that information regarding the prosodic features of the Proto-Slavic lemma is considered to be of special interest. The field AP indicates to which of the three Proto-Slavic accent paradigms (see Stang 1957) a lemma is thought to have belonged.

The references to Pokorny's "Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch" concern the IE reconstructions and not the Slavic lemmata.

The SYMBOLS used in the field "CERTAINTY" have the following meaning:
"+" = the word is of IE date or derived from an IE root;
"-" = the word belongs to the substratum layer (although it is also attested in other languages);
"?" = the etymology is uncertain.

Words that occur exclusively in Slavic are not included in the database.

Source

Abbreviations

Abbyy Lingvo (DSL format) Version: 1.0 (07.2010) by O.Rest

Added by Martin Podolak 01/2015.

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